Animal Health Trust International Collating Center Report Oct. 6, 2014

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The Animal Health Trust in Newmarket, England, operates the Information Exchange on Infectious Equine Disease, which is a collating center for equine diseases world-wide. The following is the October 2014 Interim Report that was filed on Oct. 6, 2014. You can find more information and a searchable database on their website.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
As of 6th October 2014, the number of confirmed equine cases of EEE in the USA has increased to 117. The disease has been diagnosed in a total of 15 states. The total number of cases for affected states are as follows: Alabama (five), Florida (55), Georgia (six), Louisiana (nine), Maine (one), Massachusetts (one), Michigan (five), Mississippi (one), New Hampshire (one), New Jersey (three), New York (10), North Carolina (nine), South Carolina (seven), Texas (three), Virginia (one).

West Nile Encephalitis (WNE)
As of 6th October 2014, the number of diagnosed equine cases of WNE in the USA has increased to 86. The disease has been confirmed in 28 states. The total number of cases for affected states are as follows: Alabama (one), Arizona (three), California (10), Colorado (four), Florida (five), Idaho (five), Iowa (three), Kentucky (three), Louisiana (one), Maryland (one), Michigan (one), Minnesota (two), Mississippi (one), Missouri (nine), Montana (four), New Mexico (four), New York (one), North Dakota (four), Oklahoma (four), Oregon (two), Pennsylvania (one), South Dakota (one), Texas (four), Utah (two), Virginia (one), Washington (four), Wisconsin (two), Wyoming (three).

Vesicular Stomatitis (VS)
As of 6th October 2014, the total of VS virus-positive premises is 372 of which 310 have been in Colorado and 62 in Texas. The number of affected counties in Colorado is 14. Of the 372 affected premises, 357 have been equine premises, 13 have been bovine premises, and two have been both equine and bovine premises. The total number of equine case is 430 for Colorado and 89 for Texas. Six premises in Texas and 43 in Colorado remain under quarantine restrictions.

CANADA

Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)

On 1st October 2014, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs of Ontario, reported that from the beginning of 2014 there had been 20 cases of EEE confirmed in Frontenac (two cases), Lanark (eight cases), Leeds & Grenville (one case), Muscoca (one case) Prescott & Russell (two cases), Simcoe (one case) and Stormont-Dundas and Glengarry (five cases).

West Nile Encephalitis (WNE)
On 1st October 2014, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs of Ontario, reported a case of WNV in Wellington. No further details are available at this stage.

FRANCE
Equine Infectious Anaemia (EIA)
On 6th Ocotber 2014, a subclinical case of EIA was reported on a stud in Guard, France, by Réseau d’Epidémio-Surveillance en Pathologie Equine (RESPE). The affected horse was a six year-old Friesian horse, tested during the routine serological screening of stallions. The positive diagnosis was made by serology on a blood sample by the Frank Duncombe Laboratory, France.

ITALY
Equine Infectious Anaemia (EIA)
On 6th October 2014, the Centro di Referenza Nazionale per Anemia Infettiva Equina (CRAIE) reported that between 9th August and 24th September 2014, four new EIA infections have been confirmed in Italy in the following regions for the first time, all of them on separate premises in Cazzago San Martino, Coronato, Trevi Nel Lazio and Oricola.