Paint Filly Positive for WNV in California
The unvaccinated filly resides in Kern County and is reported to be affected and alive.
Map of California highlighting Kern County
Wikimedia Commons image

On Sept. 2, the California Department of Food and Agriculture confirmed an unvaccinated 2-year-old Paint filly in Kern County positive for West Nile virus (WNV). She presented beginning on Aug. 27 with ataxia that was worse in her hind end and muscle fasciculations (involuntary twitching) in her shoulder and neck. She is reported to be alive. This is the sixth equine WNV case in California in 2022.

EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

WNV 101

West Nile virus is transmitted to horses via bites from infected mosquitoes. Not all infected horses show clinical signs, but those that do can exhibit:

  • flu-like signs, where the horse seems mildly anorexic and depressed;
  • fine and coarse muscle and skin fasciculation (involuntary twitching);
  • hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity to touch and sound);
  • changes in mentation (mental activity), when horses look like they’re daydreaming or “just not with it”;
  • occasional drowsiness;
  • propulsive walking (driving or pushing forward, often without control);
  • spinal signs, including asymmetrical weakness; and
  • asymmetrical or symmetrical ataxia.

West Nile virus has no cure; however, some horses can recover with supportive care. Equine mortality rates can reach 30-40%.

Studies have shown that vaccines can be effective WNV prevention tools. Horses vaccinated in past years need an annual booster shot, but veterinarians might recommend two boosters annually—one in the spring and another in the fall—in areas with prolonged mosquito seasons. In contrast, previously unvaccinated horses require a two-shot vaccination series in a three- to six-week period. It takes several weeks for horses to develop protection against the disease following complete vaccination or booster administration.

In addition to vaccinations, owners should work to reduce mosquito population and breeding areas and limit horses’ mosquito exposure by:

  • removing stagnant water sources;
  • dumping, cleaning, and refilling water buckets and troughs regularly;
  • keeping animals inside during insect feeding times (typically early in the morning and evening); and
  • applying mosquito repellents approved for equine use.
Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse

categories
tags
Trending Articles
Equine Ultrasound Exam
How To Turn Your Veterinary Equipment Into a Revenue Stream 
madigan-foal-compression-1-min
Madigan Foal Squeeze Technique
A30R9540
Disease Du Jour: Regulatory Veterinary Medicine for Horses 
Horse Stable
13 Texas Horses Positive for EIA
Newsletter
Don’t miss an important EDCC Health Alert! Get alerts delivered straight to your inbox by signing up for EquiManagement’s newsletter.

"*" indicates required fields

Name*
Country*

Additional Offers

Untitled
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.