Sixth Horse Confirmed Positive for Strangles at Michigan Facility
A Quarter Horse in Ottawa County was recently confirmed positive for strangles.
A sixth horse at a premises in Ottawa County, Michigan, was recently confirmed positive for strangles, and 28 horses are exposed.
A sixth horse at a premises in Ottawa County, Michigan, was recently confirmed positive for strangles, and 28 horses are exposed. | Wikimedia Commons

A Quarter Horse gelding in Ottawa County, Michigan, was recently confirmed positive for strangles. This is the sixth confirmed strangles case on the premises since March. The horse is under quarantine, and 28 additional horses are exposed.

EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

About Strangles

Strangles in horses is an infection caused by Streptococcus equi subspecies equi and spread through direct contact with other equids or contaminated surfaces. Horses that aren’t showing clinical signs can harbor and spread the bacteria, and recovered horses remain contagious for at least six weeks, with the potential to cause outbreaks long-term.

Infected horses can exhibit a variety of clinical signs:

  • Fever
  • Swollen and/or abscessed lymph nodes
  • Nasal discharge
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Muscle swelling
  • Difficulty swallowing

Veterinarians diagnose horses using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing with either a nasal swab, wash, or an abscess sample, and they treat most cases based on clinical signs, implementing antibiotics for severe cases. Overuse of antibiotics can prevent an infected horse from developing immunity. Most horses make a full recovery in three to four weeks.

A vaccine is available but not always effective. Biosecurity measures of quarantining new horses at a facility and maintaining high standards of hygiene and disinfecting surfaces can help lower the risk of outbreak or contain one when it occurs.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse
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